Grant's Injury Prevention Program primarily focuses on motor vehicle crashes and falls among older adults. It concerns population public health practices, aiming to improve the health of an entire population, versus focusing on the individual.
Our Injury Prevention Coordinator (IPC) develops and manages Grant's injury prevention and control programs, focusing on the leading causes of injury identified through Grant trauma registry data and additional state and national injury data sources.
For more information about the Injury Prevention Program, please call (614) 566-9301.
Why Should Injury Prevention Be Part of a Trauma Program?
Although substantial advances have been made in the treatment of injury, this approach of consequence management is limited by the fact that one-third to one-half of all trauma deaths occur in the field, before treatment can even be applied.
Only prevention can have an impact on this large segment of trauma deaths, as well as the millions of injured people whose lives are permanently altered. Additionally, according to the American College of Surgeons, Level 1 Trauma Centers must demonstrate the presence of prevention activities that center on priorities based on local data.
Source: Injury Prevention Forum: Introduction, Journal of Trauma, Volume 60(2), February 2006, p 443.
Aren't Most Injuries Simply the Result of "Accidents?"
Although injuries have traditionally been regarded as accidents, injuries, like diseases, do not occur randomly.
The majority of injury-related events are predictable and preventable. Thus, the term "accident" is inaccurate, from a scientific standpoint, although the injury episode may seem random to the one who is injured. By considering traumatic injury as a disease, circumstances in which injury is likely to occur can be determined and prevented.
Sources: The University of Alabama Injury Control Research Center - http://www.uab.edu/icrc/faq.html#q4 and Injury Prevention Forum: Introduction, Journal of Trauma, Volume 60(2), February 2006, p 443.
Leading Causes of Injury Death
In the US in 2007, unintentional injury was the leading cause of death for those aged 1-44 and the number five leading cause of death overall.
For those aged 5-34, the leading cause of injury death is motor vehicle crashes.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention retrieved 7/13/11.
Grant In-patient Trauma Registry Data
2010 Leading Causes of Injury, All Ages
1. Falls: 30.2%
2. Motor vehicle crash: 29.2%
3. Assault: 9.3%
4. Gunshot Wound: 6.5%
5. Motorcycle crash: 5.6%
6. Pedestrian: 2.8%
7. ATV: 2.6%
Total Trauma In-patients in 2010: 3,665
Our Injury Prevention Coordinator collaborates and holds leadership positions with a variety of local, regional and statewide injury prevention and control stakeholders, including:
- Franklin County Safe Communities
- Ohio Injury Prevention Partnership
- Central Ohio Trauma System Fall Prevention Network
- Ohio Public Health Association
- Ohio Safe Teen Driver Coalition
- Youth Violence Prevention Advisory Board
Injury prevention research is also a component of the Injury Prevention Program at Grant.
Implementation and Early Outcomes of a Peer-Led Traffic Safety Initiative for High School Students
A collaborative effort between Grant Trauma, Columbus Public Health and two local high schools
Abstract: Compared with other age groups, teenagers have the lowest rate of safety belt use. We sought to determine if an on-going, student-led initiative would be effective in increasing safety belt use among high school students, compared to another school in which the intervention did not take place. At the intervention school, there was a statistically significant increase of 15% in observed safety belt use, and evidence of increased knowledge regarding proper safety belt use. High schools can be effective in changing the traffic safety behaviors of its students.
Please contact the Injury Prevention Coordinator for information and material on how to conduct this program in your local high school.
Effect of a multidisciplinary fall prevention program on quality of life in fall patients age 65 and older
The Injury Prevention Program is collaborating with Riverside Methodist Hospital, the John J. Gerlach Center for Senior Health and Robinson-Brown and Associates to conduct a research project aiming to increase quality of life, decrease fear of falling and reduce recurrent falls in trauma and orthopedic fall patients 65 years of age and older.
This is a long-term study and data is still being collecting.