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Prostate Cancer

You may be new to cancer, but we’re not.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men – giving us an incredibly deep expertise in its treatment. 

Prostate cancer can be a serious, life-threatening illness. One in six men will get it during his lifetime. But many men live long, fulfilling lives never even knowing they have it.

If you’ve just been diagnosed and will soon enter treatment, we’ll be alongside you every step of the way, marrying the clinical with the compassionate, providing you the precise care, and caring, you need.  


Prostate Cancer Basics Treatments and Procedures

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Q: What is prostate cancer and what causes it?

    A: Prostate cancer is a common cancer occurring in a man’s prostate gland, which is a walnut-size gland located in the pelvic region below the urinary bladder. It’s not clear what causes this cancer, which develops from abnormal cells in the prostate. You can find more information on the “What Is Prostate Cancer?” page of The American Cancer Society’s website.
  • Q: Is prostate cancer treatable?

    A: Yes. There are many prostate cancer treatment options. The success of treatment depends on what stage your prostate cancer is in and if it’s contained within your prostate gland or has spread to other areas in your body. Additional factors affecting the types and success of treatment include your age and health. Talk to your doctor about the stage of your cancer and how it will likely respond to various treatment options.
  • Q: What treatment options are available to me, and how will they affect my daily life?


    There are different types of treatment for prostate cancer. The options available to you will depend on several factors, such as:

    • the stage of your prostate cancer 
    • how fast your cancer is growing
    • how much it has spread, and
    • your overall health

    These are things your doctor will discuss with you.

    Common prostate cancer treatments include:

    Watchful waiting – For early stage prostate cancer, this involves regular examinations, tests and sometimes biopsies to monitor the cancer

    Radical prostatectomy – A surgical procedure that removes the prostate gland and nearby tissues

    Radiation therapy – Radiation delivered to the prostate gland. Different types of radiation therapy include external beam radiation and brachytherapy (implanting radioactive seeds with a needle directly into or near the tumor)

    Hormonal therapy – Interference of hormone production, by either blocking hormone activity or removing hormones, to stop cancer cells from growing

    Chemotherapy – Used for prostate cancer that has spread outside of the prostate gland. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells

    Treatment will change your daily life due to the side effects and the time requirements of routine appointments. One of the best things you can do for yourself and your family is to be prepared – ask your Cancer Care Team for guidance on what to expect and how to make changes in your life during treatment.
  • Q: Does OhioHealth treat prostate cancer?

    A: We offer advanced, comprehensive treatment options for prostate cancer patients, including surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. Our surgeons perform some prostate cancer surgery using the minimally invasive da Vinci™ Surgical System robot.
  • Q: What are the different stages of prostate cancer?

    A: Staging is the process of determining the extent of the cancer, whether or not it has spread within the prostate and/or outside of the prostate to other organs. Staging is important in determining the type of treatment most appropriate for the cancer.

    The National Cancer Institute defines the stages of prostate cancer as follows:

    Stage I: The cancer can't be felt during a digital rectal exam, and it can't be seen on a sonogram. It’s found by chance when surgery is done for another reason, usually for BPH. The cancer is only in the prostate. The grade is G1, or the Gleason score is no higher than 4.

    Stage II: The tumor is more advanced or a higher grade than Stage I, but the tumor doesn't extend beyond the prostate. It may be felt during a digital rectal exam, or it may be seen on a sonogram.

    Stage III: The tumor extends beyond the prostate. The tumor may have invaded the seminal vesicles, but cancer cells haven't spread to the lymph nodes.

    Stage IV: The tumor may have invaded the bladder, rectum, or nearby structures (beyond the seminal vesicles). It may have spread to the lymph nodes, bones, or to other parts of the body.

    Recurrence: This is cancer that has been treated and has returned after a period of time when the cancer could not be detected. The disease may return in the prostate or in another part of the body.
  • Q: How serious is my prostate cancer diagnosis?

    A: We understand this is the biggest question for someone newly diagnosed with any cancer. The answer you’re looking for, however, is individual to you, just as it is individual to other prostate cancer patients, and so cannot be generalized in an FAQ. 

    Talk to your doctor about the seriousness of your prostate cancer diagnosis. Ask him or her to discuss with you the “grade” of your tumor. The grade classifies the level of abnormality in the cancer cells and how likely the cancer is to grow and spread. You can learn more about tumor grades on the National Cancer Institute’s FAQ on the topic.
  • Q: Does OhioHealth offer any clinical trials for prostate cancer?

    A: Talk to your doctor about your interest in participating in a clinical trial for prostate cancer. Your doctor will be able to give you information about any trials for prostate cancer going on at OhioHealth. Also visit the National Cancer Institute’s website for information on clinical trials to help you learn more about clinical trials so that you may have an informed discussion with your doctor.
  • Q: Will surgery be part of my treatment?

    A: Whether surgery will be considered part of your treatment depends on your individual cancer condition, as well as how well you would respond to surgery. Your doctor and others on your Cancer Care Team will work closely with you to help determine treatment options best for you.

Want more answers? Browse all of the OhioHealth cancer patient FAQs. General FAQ

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