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These specialty definitions provide a fundamental resource to understand common physician specialities and services.  The list below is not inclusive of every specialty available in the OhioHealth physician directory.

Allergy & Immunology
Diagnosis and treatment of allergic conditions and diseases of the immune system.

Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiologists specialize in diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels and complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life-threatening abnormal heart beat rhythms.

Dermatology
Branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with the disorders of skin, mouth, hair and nails.

Endocrinology
Treatment of the glands, hormones and related disorders, including diabetes and disorders of the pancreas, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, thyroid and adrenal glands.

Family Practice
Diagnosis and treatment of general medical conditions for people of all ages.

Gastroenterology
Treatment of disorders of the digestive system and diseases of the stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder and pancreas.

General Practice
Physicians who provide medical care to all age groups as in family practice.

Hematology
The study of the diseases of the blood and lymph glands.

Infectious Disease
Diagnosis and treatment of bacterial, viral, parasitic and other communicable diseases.

Internal Medicine
Specialties of medicine which includes prevention, diagnosis, and care of adults with general illness, disease and injury.

Nephrology
Specialties of medicine that deals with the structure, health and function of the kidneys.

Neurology
Treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord and nervous system, including seizures, strokes and head injuries.

Obstetrics - Gynecology - (OB/GYN)
Medical specialty focusing on the health of women before, during and after the childbearing years.
OB - The care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the interval immediately following.
GYN - Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs.

Occupational Medicine
Treatment of disease/injury and promotion of health in the work site.

Oncology - Medical
Diagnosis and treatment of cancer and tumors.

Ophthalmology
Branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye.

Oral Maxillofacial Surgery
Specialty dealing with the jaw and facial bones.

Orthopaedic Surgery
Treatment of deformities, diseases and injuries of the bones, joints and muscles.

Otolaryngology (ENT)
Medical and surgical treatment of head and neck, including ears, nose and throat.

Pain Management
This branch of medical science deals with treating chronic and acute pain

Pediatrics
The specialty dealing with the developmental care and disease treatment of children.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Repair, reconstruction or replacement of physical defects of form or function.

Podiatric Medicine
Diagnosis and treatment of the diseases and injuries of the foot.

Pulmonary Disease
Diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and disorders of the lung.

Rheumatology
Diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases of muscles and joints including arthritis.

Surgery (General)
Diagnosis and surgical treatment of a broad range of diseases, disorders and disabilities.

Thoracic Surgery
Surgery of diseases of the chest cavity.

Urology
Diagnosis and treatment of the diseases and disorders of the urinary system.

Vascular Surgery
Diagnosis and surgery of blood vessels.