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Kidney Cancer Basics

About Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs on the left and right sides of your abdomen, each about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter the blood and remove waste and excess water from the body in the form of urine.  They also make a hormone called erythropoietin, which is involved in making red blood cells.

The most common type of kidney cancer is called renal cell cancer, which is also referred to as RCC, renal cell carcinoma or renal cell adenocarcinoma. RCC  involves the small tubules of the kidney that filter and clean the blood.  Other types of kidney cancer are renal pelvis carcinoma, sarcomas and Wilms tumor (usually occurs in children 5 years or younger).

To learn more about the types of kidney cancer, please visit The American Cancer Society website.

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